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Results table 1
Taxonomic group Family Genus Specific epithet subsp./var. Vernacular name Growth habit Habitat Altitude (masl) Climate Floristic divisions in Morocco Beginning of flowering period in Morocco End of flowering period in Morocco Endemism Rarity IUCN conservation assessment
Magnoliopsida Adoxaceae Sambucus ebulus Joghz (Amazigh), Sureau hièble (French) Herb Stream banks, fresh forests of limestone and siliceous mountains Up to 2000 m Semi-arid, Subhumid High Atlas, Middle Atlas (Senoual valley near of Berkit), North Atlantic Morocco (Prerif, Middel Sebou) Rif ( Tangier, W Rif) May July Data not available Not evaluated Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Adoxaceae Viburnum lantana Mrar aman (Amazigh), Viorne lantane (French) Shrub Fresh ravines in the limestone mountains forests 1450-1800 m Semi-arid, Subhumid High Atlas (Imegdal), Middle Atlas May June Data not available Not evaluated Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Amaranthaceae Amaranthus albus Krilou (Amazigh) Herb Fields, uncultivated lands Up to 1500 m Arid, Semi-arid, Subhumid, Humid Anti Atlas (Tazeroualt, j Kest), High Atlas (Ait M’hamed), Middle Atlas, Middle Atlantic Morocco, North Atlantic Morocco (Ghareb, Mâmora), Plains and plateaus of Morocco oriental, Mountains of eastern Morocco (Bni Snassène), Mediterranean coast, Rif (Targuist) June September Data not available Not evaluated Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Amaranthaceae Amaranthus blitum Tajalojte (Amazigh) Herb Fields, uncultivated lands Up to 1600 m Semi-arid, Subhumid, Humid High Atlas (Ait M’hamed, Imegdal), Middle Atlantic Morocco, North Atlantic Morocco, Mediterranean coast, Rif June October Data not available Not evaluated Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Amaranthaceae Amaranthus hypochondriacus Amarante hypocondriaque, Amarante élégante (French), Herb Arable lands Up to 2000 m Arid, Semi-arid, Subhumid, Humid High Atlas (Ait M’hamed), Middle Atlantic Morocco, North Atlantic Morocco, Plains and plateaus of Morocco oriental, Mediterranean coast, Rif May October Data not available Not evaluated Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Amaranthaceae Amaranthus muricatus Amarante (French) Herb Fields, uncultivated lands Data not available Arid High Atlas (Imegdal), Middle Atlantic Morocco (Agadir, Tiznit, Taroudante) April July Data not available Suspected rare Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Amaranthaceae Atriplex halimus Qtaf (Amazigh), Guettaf (Arabic), Pourpier de mer (French) Shrub Sea sands, pastures and salty land Up to 1700 m Semi-arid, Subhumid High Atlas (Ait M’hamed, Mgouna to Agouti), Middle Atlantic Morocco (Jbelat, Marrakesh), North Atlantic Morocco, Plains and plateaus of Morocco oriental (Guercif), Mountains of eastern Morocco (Beni-Snassen), Mediterranean coast (Targuist), Rif (Tangier, Imzorène, Aknoul), Ms (Northern Sahara and the central Sahara mountains) May October Data not available Not evaluated Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Amaranthaceae Atriplex semibaccata Saltbush des baies, Saltbush rampan (French) Herb Sea sands, pastures and salty land Data not available Arid, Semi-arid Ms (Western of Laâyoune), High Atlas (Imegdal), Middle Atlantic Morocco (between Sidi Rbat and Massa, Haouz, Aït Ourir, Cap Rhir) May October Data not available Rare Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Amaranthaceae Chenopodium album Mkhinza (Arabic), Chénopode (French) Herb Fields, paths and roads, foot of the walls Up to 2575 m Saharan, Arid, Semi-arid, Subhumid, Humid Ms, Anti Atlas, High Atlas (Imegdal, Ait M’hamed), Middle Atlas, Middle Atlantic Morocco (Marrakech), Man (Maâmora, Gharb), Plains and plateaus of Morocco oriental, Mountains of eastern Morocco (Beni-Snassen), Rif (Tangier, Loukkos, Targuist, Aknoul) May October Data not available Not evaluated Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Amaranthaceae Chenopodium chenopodioides Data not available Herb Salt marshes, coastal grazing marshes, swamps and peatlands Up to 2042 m Semi-arid, Subhumid, Humid High Atlas (Imegdal, Ait M’hamed), Middle Atlas (Afourgar near Annoceur, Ifrah), North Atlantic Morocco (Erroumi, Merja Daoura) May October Data not available Rare Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Amaranthaceae Chenopodium murale Qrilou nomdouz (Amazigh) Herb Fresh uncultivated lands, ditches, hedges, sandy alluvial deposits Data not available Saharan, Arid, Semi-arid, Subhumid, Humid all divisions of Morocco May October Data not available Not evaluated Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Amaranthaceae Chenopodium opulifolium Kamze nigdade (Amazigh), Chénopode à feuilles d’obier (French) Herb Arable lands, fields, rubbles Up to 2300 m Arid,Semi-arid,Subhumid Ms, Anti Atlas, High Atlas, Middle Atlas, Middle Atlantic Morocco, North Atlantic Morocco (Maâmora), Plains and plateaus of Morocco oriental, Rif (Tangier, Targuist) May October Data not available Not evaluated Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Amaranthaceae Dysphania ambrosioides Mkhinza (Arabic), Chénopode (French) Herb Fresh uncultivated lands, ditches, hedges, sandy alluvial deposits Up to 2000 m Arid,Semi-arid,Subhumid Ms, High Atlas (Ait M’hamed, Ourika, Imegdal), Middle Atlantic Morocco, North Atlantic Morocco, Plains and plateaus of Morocco oriental, Mediterranean coast (taguist, Gareb), Rif (Tangier) May October Data not available Not evaluated Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Amaranthaceae Polycnemum fontanesii Data not available Herb Pastures, mountain plain, river banks, river beds, ravines, woodlands clearings, steep hills and Mediterranean forest Up to 3000 m Semi-arid, Subhumid Saharan Atlas, Anti Atlas, High Atlas, Middle Atlas, North Atlantic Morocco (Gharb), Plains and plateaus of Morocco oriental, Mountains of eastern Morocco, Mediterranean coast, Rif (Targuist, Tizi Ifrí, Aknoul) May August Endemic to Morocco and Algeria Not evaluated Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Amaranthaceae Salsola oppositifolia Ighimi,Smoumel, Tassra, Adil (Amazight), Rassoul, El aasla (Arabic) Herb Sands and sea cliffs, steppes and arid low mountains Up to 3000 m Semi-arid, Subhumid Anti Atlas, High Atlas, Middle Atlas, Middle Atlantic Morocco (Haouz, Mzoudia, Chichaoua), North Atlantic Morocco, Plains and plateaus of Morocco oriental,Mediterranean coast Imzorène, Gareb), Rif ( Targuist, Tangier, W Rif) July November Data not available Not evaluated Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Amaryllidaceae Allium paniculatum Data not available Herb Rocky plains of the mountains Up to 3200 m Arid, Semi-arid, Subhumid, Humid all divisions of Morocco June August Data not available Not evaluated Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Anacardiaceae Pistacia atlantica Igg (Amazigh), Btem (Arabic), Pistachier de l'Atlas (French) Tree Rocky areas, ravines, woodlands clearings, low and mid-mountain forests Up to 2000 m Arid, Semi-arid, Subhumid Most floristic divisions of Morocco March June Data not available Rare Near Threatened (NT)
Magnoliopsida Anacardiaceae Pistacia lentiscus Imitg, Tidkit (Amazigh), Drou (Arabic), Lentisque (French) Tree Forests and maquis of the plain and low mountains Up to 1600 m Semi-arid, Subhumid, Humid Saharan Atlas, Anti Atlas, High Atlas, Middle Atlas, Middle Atlantic Morocco, North Atlantic Morocco, Mountains of eastern Morocco, Mediterranean coast, Rif March May Data not available Not evaluated Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Anacardiaceae Searsia tripartita Tizrha (Amazight), Jdari, Summaq (Arabic) Shrub Rocky areas, ravines, woodlands clearings, low and mid-mountain forests Up to 1500 m Saharan, Arid, Semi-arid Ms, Saharan Atlas, Anti Atlas, High Atlas, Middle Atlantic Morocco Data Not available Data Not available Data not available Not evaluated Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Apiaceae Apium nodiflorum Tamklchi (Amazigh), Ziyata (Arabic) Subshrub Streams, swamps and marshes of the plains and low mountains Up to 3000 m Saharan, Arid, Semi-arid, Subhumid, Humid All Morocco except these regions: Gharb, Ouerrha, Tsoul, Aknoul, Guercif and Maâmora June September Data not available Not evaluated Least Concern (LC)
Magnoliopsida Apiaceae Apium repens Ache rampante (French) Herb Wet grassland, the margins and into the channels of streams, in oxbows and on bars of larger rivers, low and medium mountains Up to 2300 m Arid, Semi-arid, Subhumid, Humid High Atlas (Ait M’hamed), Middle Atlas, Middle Atlantic Morocco (Souss, Haouz), Mediterranean coast (Bokkoya), Rif (Targuist, Tazzeka) June August Data not available Not evaluated Vulnerable (VU)
Magnoliopsida Apiaceae Bupleurum montanum Data not available Herb Forests and scrubby slopes of the mountains 1000-2300 m Semi-arid, Subhumid, Humid Anti Atlas (jKest), High Atlas, Middle Atlas,Mediterranean coast (Bokkoya), Rif July August Endemic to Morocco and Algeria Not evaluated Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Apiaceae Bupleurum dumosum Lhyara (Arabic), Buplèvre (French) Shrub Arganiaies, Callitriaies, rocky Juniperries of the low calcareous and siliceous mountains Up to 1200 m Arid, Semi-arid Middle Atlantic Morocco, High Atlas, Anti Atlas (j Kest), Ms-3 (between Fask and Assa, close to bifurcation of Aouinet Torkoz) April June Endemic to Morocco Not evaluated Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Apiaceae Bupleurum faurelii Data not available Subshrub Clear forest, escarpments, limestone rocks of medium and high mountains Up to 2900 m Semi-arid, Subhumid, Humid High Atlas (Ait M’hamed, Mgoun, Akka-n-Tazert, j Aroui, j Aori, Akka-n-Ouayad), Middle Atlas (Bou Iblane, Bou Nacer region of El Ksiba, Quercetum at Tizi-n-AH-Ouirrah) May July Endemic to Morocco Very rare Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Apiaceae Bupleurum lateriflorum Ifski n'oughyoule (Amazigh), Buplèvre (French) Shrub Rocks, forests and scrub of limestone and siliceous mountains 1200-2400 m Semi-arid, Subhumid High Atlas, Anti Atlas (j Kest, Tafghoult summit), Anti Atlas (j Fidoust) Anti Atlas (j Siroua) July September Endemic to Morocco
Magnoliopsida Apiaceae Bupleurum spinosum Buplèvre (French) Subshrub Rocky sandstone cliffs and slopes, forest and pastureland 1500-3400 m Semi-arid, Subhumid, Humid As, Anti Atlas (Saghro, Siroua), High Atlas (Azilal, Ait M’hamed), Middle Atlas, Mountains of eastern Morocco (Debdou), Rif (Aknoul) July August Data not available Not evaluated Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Apiaceae Carum atlanticum Data not available Herb Rocky high siliceous mountains (granitic, gaseous, porphyry, schistous) 2500-3200 m Semi-arid, Subhumid High Atlas July August Endemic to Morocco Rare Endangered (EN)
Magnoliopsida Apiaceae Daucus tenuisectus Khizou n'igdad (Amazigh) Herb Pasture, clear forest of argan tree and Tetraclinis, rocky slopes of siliceous mountains 600-1900 m Semi-arid, Subhumid, Humid Anti Atlas (Ida-ou-Gnidif, Ait Baha), High Atlas, Middle Atlas (Takka Ichiane), North Atlantic Morocco (valley of Khorifla, Zaïane) May June Endemic to Morocco Not evaluated Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Apiaceae Deverra scoparia Attass, Tatakht (Amazigh), Gouzah (Arabic) Herb Rocks, Dry hillsides Up to 2400 m Semi-arid Ms-3 (Sahara), Saharan Atlas, Anti AtIas, High Atlas (Aït Mahmed, Aït Bougmez), Middle Atlas (Serghina,Tabainout), North Atlantic Morocco (Gharb), Middle Atlantic Morocco (Haouz-Rehamna), Plains and plateaus of Morocco oriental (Guercif), Mediterranean coast, Rif (Imzorène) March May Data not available Not evaluated Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Apiaceae Eryngium bourgatii Zerriga, Zerriqa (Arabic), Panicaut (French) Herb Rocky slopes of medium, high limestone and siliceous mountains 2000-3200 m Semi-arid, Subhumid, Humid High Atlas, Middle Atlas, Rif (Kouiene) July August Data not available Not evaluated Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Apiaceae Eryngium ilicifolium Taskra (Amazigh), Zeriga, Kaf dib (Arabic), Panicaut (French) Herb Pasturelands, desert pastures, fields, rockeries, clear forest of plains and low mountains Up to 1600 m Saharan, Arid, Semi-arid All divisions of Morocco April July Data not available Not evaluated Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Apiaceae Eryngium maroccanum Panicaut du Maroc (French) Herb Temporary streams, meadows on peat substrate, around lakes, grassland, low and Medium Mountains 1400-2000 m Subhumid, Humid High Atlas (Azilal, Ait M’hamed), Middle Atlas (Azrou, Boulmane, Tabainout, Tamalout, Timahdit, Aguelman, close to Kasba of Bou Arif) June September Endemic to Morocco Rare Near Threatened (NT)
Magnoliopsida Apiaceae Eryngium tricuspidatum Harzizoua (Amazigh), Hassika (Arabic) Herb Dry hills and arid places Up to 1700 m Arid, Semi-arid, Subhumid Ms-3, Anti Atlas, High Atlas, Middle Atlas, Middle Atlantic Morocco, North Atlantic Morocco (Ouezzane, Aknoul), Mountains of eastern Morocco (Bni Snassène), Mediterranean coast, Rif (Guercif) June August Data not available Not evaluated Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Apiaceae Eryngium triquetrum subsp. xauense Chouka zerqa (Arabic), Panicaut (French) Herb Grassland, rockeries, clear forest Up to 2300 m Arid, Semi-arid, Subhumid, Humid High Atlas (Ait M’hamed), Middle Atlas, Middle Atlantic Morocco, North Atlantic Morocco (Mamora, Zerhoun), Plains and plateaus of Morocco oriental (Guercif), Mountains of eastern Morocco, Mediterranean coast, Rif (Chaouène, Bab Rouida, j Tounia, piste du j Tissouka, j Tasnoute, Bni Seddate Targuist, Haute Ouerrha, Tsoul, Aknoul, Kert Ganc) June August Endemic to Morocco Rare Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Apiaceae Eryngium variifolium Askra oumlile (Amazigh), Panicaut, Chardon panaché (French) Herb Streamsides, peat meadows, mountain wetlands 900-2600 m Semi-arid, Subhumid, Humid Anti Atlas (Siroua), High Atlas June August Endemic to Morocco Not evaluated Vulnerable (VU)
Magnoliopsida Apiaceae Foeniculum vulgare Besbass, Nafaâ (for seeds) (Arabic), Fenouil (French) Herb Pastures, brushwood, uncultivated fields, arid hills, ravines, rocks of lowland and low mountains Up to 1800 m Arid, Semi-arid, Subhumid, Humid All divisions of Morocco except Ms May August Data not available Not evaluated Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Apiaceae Kundmannia sicula Ziyata (Arabic) Subshrub Clear forests, sandy and clay pastures, scrub in the lowland and low mountains Up to 1300 m Semi-arid, Subhumid, Humid Anti Atlas, High Atlas (Ait M’hamed), Middle Atlas, Middle Atlantic Morocco, North Atlantic Morocco (Pré-Rif), Mountains of eastern Morocco (Gharb), Mediterranean coast, Rif (Ouezzane, Zerhoun, Imzorène) April June Data not available Not evaluated Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Apiaceae Scandix pecten-veneris Machita, Ouamsghir (Arabic) Herb Forest clearings, rocky pastures, cultivated fields, sands of plains to medium mountains sufficiently watered Up to 2000 m Arid, Semi-arid, Subhumid, Humid All divisions of Morocco except Ms and very arid areas April June Data not available Not evaluated Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Apiaceae Seseli libanotis Koullikha (Arabic) Herb Rocky areas, pastures lands and high siliceous mountains 2000-2800 m Arid, Semi-arid, Subhumid High Atlas (Seksaoua), High Atlas(Aouljdid, Ouensa, Rherhaya, Imegdal), High Atlas ( Rhate and M'goun, Zaouiet Ahansal), High Atlas (Ayachi), High Atlas (above Bab Ouayad), Rif (Middle-West Rif) May July Endemic to Morocco Not evaluated Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Apiaceae Torilis arvensis subsp. elongata Torilis allongé (French) Herb Clear forests, rocky pastures of low and medium mountains Up to 2000 m Semi-arid, Subhumid, Humid Most floristic divisions April June Data not available Not evaluated Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Apiaceae Torilis arvensis subsp. neglecta Khizo nwasif (Amazigh) Herb Clear forests, fresh scrub, water edges, in the plains, low and medium mountains Data not available Arid, Semi-arid, Subhumid, Humid High Atlas (Ait M’hamed), Middle Atlas, Middle Atlantic Morocco (Atlantic coast,), North Atlantic Morocco, Plains and plateaus of Morocco oriental, Mountains of eastern Morocco, Mediterranean coast, Rif (Tangier, W Rif, Ouezzane, Targuist, Zerhoun, Tazzeka, Imzorène) April June Data not available Not evaluated Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Apocynaceae Caralluma europaea Akneri ijan (Amazigh), Daghmous (Arabic) Herb Rocks, walls of dry regions, scrub steppes and low mountains Up to 1700 m Arid, Semi-arid, Subhumid Ms, Saharan Atlas, Anti Atlas, High Atlas, Middle Atlas, Middle Atlantic Morocco (Haouz, Hadra, Marrakech),North Atlantic Morocco, Mountains of eastern Morocco, Mediterranean coast, Rif (Kert Ganc) April July Data not available Not evaluated Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Apocynaceae Nerium oleander Alili (Amazigh), Ddefla (Arabic), Laurier rose (French) Shrub Riparian forest, fresh ravines, wetlands, bed and edge of streams Up to 2000 m Saharan, Arid, Semi-arid, Subhumid, Humid All divisions of Morocco March August Data not available Not evaluated Least Concern (LC)
Magnoliopsida Apocynaceae Periploca laevigata subsp. angustifolia Âselift (Amazigh), El hallab (Arabic) Shrub Clear forests, matorrals, rocky areas, lowlands and low mountains Up to 1300 m Arid, Semi-arid, Subhumid Ms, Saharan Atlas, Anti Atlas, North Atlantic Morocco (Gharb), Middle Atlantic Morocco, Mountains of eastern Morocco (Bni Snassène), Mediterranean coast, Rif (Imzorène) March May Data not available Not evaluated Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Araliaceae Hedera maroccana Louayya (Arabic), Lierre du Maroc (French) Herb Calcareous and limestone substrates on cliffs, riparian areas, low to mid-elevation forest, roadsides, hedges, gardens Up to 2500 m Semi-arid, Subhumid, Humid Anti Atlas, High Atlas (Ait M’hamed), Middle Atlas (Tazzeka), Middle Atlantic Morocco, North Atlantic Morocco (Gareb), Mediterranean coast, Mountains of eastern Morocco (Beni-Snassen), Rif (Tangier, W Rif, C Rif, Targuist, Zerhoun, Aknoul) September November Data not available Not evaluated Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Aristolochiaceae Aristolochia paucinervis Barreztem (Arabic), Aristoloche longue (French) Herb Cultivated fields, clay, sandy and stony pastures, meadows, rocky cliffs, scrub, woodlands clearings, weed of crops, wood grassy mountains and Mediterranean forests 500-2500 m Semi-arid, Subhumid, Humid Anti Atlas (Southern slope of jbel Lkest), High Atlas (Ait M’hamed), Middle Atlas, Middle Atlantic Morocco, North Atlantic Morocco (Tsoul, Aknoul, Marmora, Achach forests), Mediterranean coast, Rif (Tangier, Bab Bered, Ketama, Loukkos, Zerhoun, valley of Oued Laou) March June Data not available Not evaluated Near Threatened (NT)
Magnoliopsida Asteraceae Achillea ageratum Achillée à feuilles d'agératum (French) Herb Slightly moist clay pastures 900-2100 m Arid, Semi-arid, Subhumid Middle Atlantic Morocco (Kalaat Sraghna), High Atlas ( Imegdal), High Atlas (Demnate, Tizi-n-Outfigh near of Alt-Tamellil, Forest house of AH-ou-Ahmane South of Rouli) April July Data not available Rare Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Asteraceae Achillea santolinoides Qourt (Amazigh), Chouihya (Arabic), chillée (French) Herb Cultivated fields, edges of canals and drainage channels, beds of oued, wet pastures Up to 1639 m Arid, Semi-arid Anti Atlas (Tizi-n-Taghatine), High Atlas (Ait M’hamed), Middle Atlas, Middle Atlantic Morocco (Chaouïa-Doukkala, Haouz (between Marrakech and Ourika)), North Atlantic Morocco (Pré-Rif, Moy Sebou, Aknoul), Plains and plateaus of Morocco oriental (Guercif), Mountains of eastern Morocco (Bni Snassene), Mediterranean coast, Rif (Aghbal near Msoun, Targuist, Oued kert) May July Data not available Not evaluated Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Asteraceae Aliella ballii Data not available Herb Calcareous or siliceous, granitic or sandstone crevices and limestone rocks of high Mountains 2400-3200 m Semi-arid High Atlas (Mgoun, Toubkal, Ourika, Mesfioua, Erdouz, Anromer, Rhate, Rherhaya, Aouljdid, Afougueur, Ayachi, Mesrough, Zaouia Ahansal), Middle Atlas (Bou Nacer, Guelb Rahal) May July Endemic to Morocco Not evaluated Not evaluated
Magnoliopsida Asteraceae Anacyclus homogamos Data not available Herb Arid fields, dry stony land Up to 1600 m Arid, Semi-arid, Subhumid Saharan Morocco (15 km N Boujdour), Saharan Atlas, Anti AtIas, High Atlas, Middle Atlas, Middle Atlantic Morocco, North Atlantic Morocco, Plains and plateaus of Morocco oriental (Tsoul), Mountains of eastern Morocco (Beni-Snassen), Western Mediterranean coast March June Data not available Not evaluated Not evaluated

GDF-MBLA database 2020

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